Frontal theta cordance predicts 6-month antidepressant response to subcallosal cingulate deep brain stimulation for treatment-resistant depression: A pilot study

James M. Broadway, Paul E. Holtzheimer, Matthew R. Hilimire, Nathan A. Parks, Jordan E. Devylder, Helen S. Mayberg, Paul M. Corballis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of subcallosal cingulate white matter (SCC) may be an effective approach for treatment-resistant depression (TRD) that otherwise fails to respond to more conventional therapies, but DBS is invasive, costly, and has potential for adverse effects. Therefore, it is important to identify potential biomarkers for predicting antidepressant response before intervention. Resting-state EEG was recorded from 12 TRD patients at pre-treatment baseline, after 4 weeks SCC DBS, and after 24 weeks SCC DBS. Lower frontal theta cordance (FTC) at baseline (and higher FTC after 4 weeks) predicted lower depression severity scores after 24 weeks. Greater FTC increases (baseline-4 weeks) predicted greater decreases in depression severity scores subsequently (4-24 weeks) and over the course of the study (baseline-24 weeks). Predictive relationships were topographically specific to theta cordance for frontal electrodes. Thus, results from this pilot study suggest that baseline FTC and changes early in treatment each have utility as biomarkers for predicting 6-month clinical response to SCC DBS for TRD.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1764-1772
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychopharmacology
Volume37
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2012

Keywords

  • EEG
  • biomarker
  • deep brain stimulation
  • depression
  • theta cordance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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