We present a quantum mechanical approach to study protein-ligand binding structure with application to a Adipocyte lipid-binding protein complexed with Propanoic Acid. The present approach employs a recently develop molecular fractionation with a conjugate caps (MFCC) method to compute protein-ligand interaction energy and performs energy optimization using the quasi-Newton method. The MFCC method enables us to compute fully quantum mechanical ab initio protein-ligand interaction energy and its gradients that are used in energy minimization. This quantum optimization approach is applied to study the Adipocyte lipid-binding protein complexed with Propanoic Acid system, a complex system consisting of a 2057-atom protein and a 10-atom ligand. The MFCC calculation is carried out at the Hartree-Fock level with a 3-21G basis set. The quantum optimized structure of this complex is in good agreement with the experimental crystal structure. The quantum energy calculation is implemented in a parallel program that dramatically speeds up the MFCC calculation for the protein-ligand system. Similarly good agreement between MFCC optimized structure and the experimental structure is also obtained for the streptavidin-biotin complex. Due to heavy computational cost, the quantum energy minimization is carried out in a six-dimensional space that corresponds to the rigid-body protein-ligand interaction.
- Protein-ligand structure
- Quantum mechanical energy optimization
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Computational Mathematics