Gateway to Opportunity? Disparities in Neighborhood Conditions Among Low-Income Housing Tax Credit Residents

Ingrid Gould Ellen, Keren Mertens Horn, Yiwen Kuai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

A key goal of housing assistance programs is to help lower income households reach neighborhoods of opportunity. Studies have described the degree to which Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) developments are located in high-opportunity neighborhoods, but our focus is on how neighborhood outcomes vary across different subsets of LIHTC residents. We also examine whether LIHTC households are better able to reach certain types of neighborhood opportunities. Specifically, we use new data on LIHTC tenants in 12 states along with eight measures of neighborhood opportunity. We find that compared with other rental units, LIHTC units are located in neighborhoods with higher poverty rates, weaker labor markets, more polluted environments, and lower performing schools, but better transit access. We also find that compared with other LIHTC tenants, poor and minority tenants live in neighborhoods that are significantly more disadvantaged.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)572-591
Number of pages20
JournalHousing Policy Debate
Volume28
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 4 2018

Keywords

  • Low-income housing
  • minorities
  • neighborhood
  • opportunity
  • tax credit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Urban Studies
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

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