Gender differences in dental anxiety and medical fear in croatian adolescents

T. Katanec, S. Singh, M. Majstorovic, I. Klaric, N. G. Herman, A. M. Moursi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objectives: The aim of this study was to differentiate anxious from nonanxious adolescents and evaluate gender differences in anxiety with respect to previous negative dental and medical experiences. The purpose was also to evaluate a causative relationship between child medical fear and dental anxiety. Study Design: This study sampled 113 Croatian adolescents from 15 to18 years of age. Children's Fear Survey Schedule-Dental Subscale (CFSS-DS) was used for the assessment of child dental anxiety regarding visits to the dentist and receiving dental treatment. A modifed version of Child Medical Fear Questionnaire (CMFQ-M) was used for evaluation of child medical fear related to medical treatment and doctors in general. Results and Conclusion: The results showed signifcantly higher dental anxiety (CFSS-DS) and medical fear (CMFQ-M) in adolscent girls (p<0,001) as compared to adolescent boys. A signifcantly strong correlation between medical fear and dental anxiety in adolescent girls was proved by Pearson's correlation coefcient (p < 0,01). In this study, CMFQ-M and CFSS-DS questionnaires were standardized in the Croatian adolescent population and proved reliable in the estimation of anxious behaviour with respect to specifc medical and dental situations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)182-187
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2018


  • Adolescent behavior
  • Dental anxiety
  • Medical fear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Dentistry
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health


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