Gendered social capital and health outcomes among older adults in China

Qingwen Xu, Julie A. Norstrand

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The gender dimension of social capital remains underinvestigated, particularly in the Eastern context. Goal: This chapter examines the relationship between social capital and health among a sample of older adults from China, particularly from a gender perspective. Method: Sample ( N = 1,854) of older Chinese (60 years and over), 46.4% female, were obtained from Chinese General Social Survey (CGSS) 2005, a representative sample survey of China's urban and rural households. Principal component analysis generated eight dimensions of social capital on which male and female elders were compared using t -tests. Treating physical and emotional health outcomes as continuous variables, multiple regressions tested relationship between social capital and health outcomes for male and female groups separately. Results: Significant differences were found on some dimensions of social capital by gender. Regressions indicated different associations between dimensions of social capital with health outcomes by gender. Implications: Accounting for gender may be important when developing interventions to maximize social capital in communities of China.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAging in China
Subtitle of host publicationImplications to Social Policy of a Changing Economic State
PublisherSpringer US
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781441983510
ISBN (Print)9781441983503
StatePublished - Jan 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • General Psychology


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