A general, efficient, and site-selective visible light-induced Pd-catalyzed remote desaturation of aliphatic alcohols into valuable allylic, homoallylic, and bis-homoallylic alcohols has been developed. This transformation operates via a hybrid Pd-radical mechanism, which synergistically combines the favorable features of radical approaches, such as a facile remote C-H HAT step, with that of transition-metal-catalyzed chemistry (selective β-hydrogen elimination step). This allows achieving superior degrees of regioselectivity and yields in the desaturation of alcohols compared to those obtained by the state-of-the-art desaturation methods. The HAT at unactivated C(sp3)-H sites is enabled by the easily installable/removable Si-auxiliaries. Formation of the key hybrid alkyl Pd-radical intermediates is efficiently induced by visible light from alkyl iodides and Pd(0) complexes. Notably, this method requires no exogenous photosensitizers or external oxidants.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Chemistry
- Colloid and Surface Chemistry