General education versus vocational training: Evidence from an economy in transition

Ofer Malamud, Cristian Pop-Eleches

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This paper examines the relative benefits of general education and vocational training during Romania's transition to a market economy. We examine a 1973 educational reform that shifted a large proportion of students from vocational training to general education. Using census and household survey data, we analyze the effect of this policy with a regression discontinuity design. We find that men affected by the policy are significantly less likely to work in manual or craft-related occupations but have similar levels of labor market participation and earnings compared to their counterparts unaffected by the policy. We conclude that differences in labor market returns between graduates of vocational and general schools are largely driven by selection.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)43-60
Number of pages18
JournalReview of Economics and Statistics
Volume92
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Economics and Econometrics

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