Predicting structures of organic molecular cocrystals is a challenging task when considering the immense number of possible intermolecular orientations. Use of the Shannon information entropy, constructed from an intermolecular orientational spatial distribution function, to drive a search for crystal structures via enhanced molecular dynamics can be an efficient way to map out a landscape of putative polymorphs. Here, the Shannon entropy is used to generate a set of collective variables for differentiating polymorphs of a 1:1 cocrystal of resorcinol and urea. We show that driven adiabatic free energy dynamics, a particular enhanced-sampling approach, combined with these entropy variables, can transform the stable phase into alternate polymorphs. Density functional theory calculations confirm that a structure obtained from the enhanced molecular dynamics is stable at pressures above 1 GPa. We thus show that enhanced sampling should be considered an integral component of crystal structure searching protocols for systems with multiple independent molecules.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry