Treatment of H-Ras transgenic mice with the geranylgeranyltransferase I (GGTase I) inhibitor GGTI-2154 results not only in halting the growth of aggressive breast tumors but actually in inducing the regression (54 ± 3%) of all 19 tumors analyzed. The farnesyltransferase (FTase) inhibitor FTI-2148 induced an average of 87 ± 3% regression in the 13 tumors analyzed. GGTase I, but not FTase, is inhibited in breast tumors after treatment with GGTI-2154, whereas in tumors from mice treated with FTI-2148, only FTase is inhibited. The processing of the geranylgeranylated proteins RhoA, Rap1, and R-Ras, but not the farnesylated proteins H-Ras and HDJ-2, is inhibited in tumors obtained from mice treated with GGTI-2154. GGTI-2154 and FTI-2148 suppress constitutively activated phospho-Erk1/2 and phospho-Akt, induce apoptosis, and induce differentiation toward ductolobular breast epithelium. The data demonstrate that geranylgeranylated proteins are critical in H-Ras oncogenesis in vivo and give strong support for GGTase I as a target for anticancer drug discovery.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Dec 15 2003|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research