Global small solutions of 2-D incompressible MHD system

Fanghua Lin, Li Xu, Ping Zhang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In this paper, we consider the global wellposedness of 2-D incompressible magneto-hydrodynamical system with smooth initial data which is close to some non-trivial steady state. It is a coupled system between the Navier-Stokes equations and a free transport equation with a universal nonlinear coupling structure. The main difficulty of the proof lies in exploring the dissipative mechanism of the system. To achieve this and to avoid the difficulty of propagating anisotropic regularity for the free transport equation, we first reformulate our system (1.1) in the Lagrangian coordinates (2.19). Then we employ anisotropic Littlewood-Paley analysis to establish the key a priori L1(R+;Lip(R2)) estimate for the Lagrangian velocity field Yt. With this estimate, we can prove the global wellposedness of (2.19) with smooth and small initial data by using the energy method. We emphasize that the algebraic structure of (2.19) is crucial for the proofs to work. The global wellposedness of the original system (1.1) then follows by a suitable change of variables.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)5440-5485
Number of pages46
JournalJournal of Differential Equations
Issue number10
StatePublished - Nov 15 2015


  • Anisotropic Littlewood-Paley theory
  • Dissipative estimates
  • Inviscid MHD system
  • Lagrangian coordinates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Applied Mathematics


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