Gradient flow of the Chapman-Rubinstein-Schatzman model for signed vortices

Luigi Ambrosio, Edoardo Mainini, Sylvia Serfaty

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We continue the study of Ambrosio and Serfaty (2008) [4] on the Chapman-Rubinstein-Schatzman-E evolution model for superconductivity, viewed as a gradient flow on the space of measures equipped with the quadratic Wasserstein structure. In Ambrosio and Serfaty (2008) [4] we considered the case of positive (probability) measures, while here we consider general real measures, as in the physical model. Understanding the evolution as a gradient flow in this context gives rise to several new questions, in particular how to define a "Wasserstein" distance for signed measures. We generalize the minimizing movement scheme of Ambrosio et al. (2005) [3] in this context, we show the entropy argument of Ambrosio and Serfaty (2008) [4] still carries through, and derive an evolution equation for the measure which contains an error term compared to the Chapman-Rubinstein-Schatzman-E model. Moreover, we also show the same applies to a very similar dissipative model on the whole plane.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-246
Number of pages30
JournalAnnales de l'Institut Henri Poincare (C) Analyse Non Lineaire
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Mathematical Physics
  • Applied Mathematics


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