Grain growth kinetics of a nB n star block copolymers in supercritical carbon dioxide

Xiaochuan Hu, Samuel P. Gido, Thomas P. Russell, Hermis Iatrou, Nikos Hadjichristidis, Ferass M. Abuzaina, Bruce A. Garetz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a series of A nB n miktoarm star block copolymers with different numbers of arms (n = 1, 2, 4, and 16), the effect of molecular architecture on the grain growth kinetics was investigated by annealing in supercritical carbon dioxide. Across this entire series of materials, all the A arms were polystyrene (PS) blocks from the same anionically synthesized batch, and all the B arms were polyisoprene (PI) blocks from the same anionically synthesized batch. Thus, all the star block copolymers employed in this study were composed of the same A and B arms linked together in symmetric numbers. The grain growth kinetics was monitored in real space by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), followed by subsequent micrograph image analysis. It was found that the molecular architecture influenced the grain growth kinetics of these A nB n star block copolymers significantly. The grain growth kinetics of these A nB n stars annealed in supercritical CO 2 was compared to a previously completed grain growth study of the same materials under simple thermal annealing. It was found that the grain growth kinetics for the A nB n stars with n = 2, 4, and 16 were similar for both supercritical CO 2 and thermal annealing. However, the grain growth kinetics of the diblock (A nB n with n = 1) was dramatically enhanced in supercritical CO 2 relative to thermal annealing.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4719-4728
Number of pages10
JournalMacromolecules
Volume38
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - May 31 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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