Green approaches for sustainable development of liquid separation membrane

Wei Jie Lee, Pei Sean Goh, Woei Jye Lau, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Nidal Hilal

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Water constitutes one of the basic necessities of life. Around 71% of the Earth is covered by water, however, not all of it is readily available as fresh water for daily consumption. Fresh water scarcity is a chronic issue which poses a threat to all living things on Earth. Seawater, as a natural resource abundantly available all around the world, is a potential water source to fulfil the increasing water demand. Climate-independent seawater desalination has been touted as a crucial alternative to provide fresh water. While the membrane-based desalination process continues to dominate the global desalination market, the currently employed membrane fabrication materials and processes inevitably bring adverse impacts to the environment. This review aims to elucidate and provide a comprehensive outlook of the recent efforts based on greener approaches used for desalination membrane fabrication, which paves the way towards achieving sustainable and eco-friendly processes. Membrane fabrication using green chemistry effectively minimizes the generation of hazardous compounds during membrane preparation. The future trends and recommendations which could potentially be beneficial for researchers in this field are also highlighted.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number235
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2021


  • Chemical vapor deposition
  • Click chemistry
  • Environmental friendliness
  • Green solvents
  • Plasma treatment
  • Solvent free
  • Sustainable membrane desalination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Filtration and Separation


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