TY - JOUR

T1 - Gribov horizon and i-particles

T2 - About a toy model and the construction of physical operators

AU - Baulieu, L.

AU - Dudal, D.

AU - Guimaraes, M. S.

AU - Huber, M. Q.

AU - Sorella, S. P.

AU - Vandersickel, N.

AU - Zwanziger, D.

PY - 2010/7/30

Y1 - 2010/7/30

N2 - Restricting the functional integral to the Gribov region Ω leads to a deep modification of the behavior of Euclidean Yang-Mills theories in the infrared region. For example, a gluon propagator of the Gribov type, k2k4+γ^4, can be viewed as a propagating pair of unphysical modes, called here i-particles, with complex masses ±iγ ^2. From this viewpoint, gluons are unphysical and one can see them as being confined. We introduce a simple toy model describing how a suitable set of composite operators can be constructed out of i-particles whose correlation functions exhibit only real branch cuts, with associated positive spectral density. These composite operators can thus be called physical and are the toy analogy of glueballs in the Gribov-Zwanziger theory.

AB - Restricting the functional integral to the Gribov region Ω leads to a deep modification of the behavior of Euclidean Yang-Mills theories in the infrared region. For example, a gluon propagator of the Gribov type, k2k4+γ^4, can be viewed as a propagating pair of unphysical modes, called here i-particles, with complex masses ±iγ ^2. From this viewpoint, gluons are unphysical and one can see them as being confined. We introduce a simple toy model describing how a suitable set of composite operators can be constructed out of i-particles whose correlation functions exhibit only real branch cuts, with associated positive spectral density. These composite operators can thus be called physical and are the toy analogy of glueballs in the Gribov-Zwanziger theory.

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U2 - 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.025021

DO - 10.1103/PhysRevD.82.025021

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:77955612083

VL - 82

JO - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

JF - Physical Review D - Particles, Fields, Gravitation and Cosmology

SN - 1550-7998

IS - 2

M1 - 025021

ER -