Grounding neuroscience in behavioral changes using artificial neural networks

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Connecting neural activity to function is a common aim in neuroscience. How to define and conceptualize function, however, can vary. Here I focus on grounding this goal in the specific question of how a given change in behavior is produced by a change in neural circuits or activity. Artificial neural network models offer a particularly fruitful format for tackling such questions because they use neural mechanisms to perform complex transformations and produce appropriate behavior. Therefore, they can be a means of causally testing the extent to which a neural change can be responsible for an experimentally observed behavioral change. Furthermore, because the field of interpretability in artificial intelligence has similar aims, neuroscientists can look to interpretability methods for new ways of identifying neural features that drive performance and behaviors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102816
JournalCurrent Opinion in Neurobiology
StatePublished - Feb 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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