TY - JOUR

T1 - Growth and depletion in linear stochastic reaction networks

AU - Nandori, Peter

AU - Young, Lai Sang

N1 - Funding Information:
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS. This research was partially supported by NSF Grants DMS 1901009 (LSY), DMS 1952876, and DMS 2154725 (PN). Part of the work was done when the authors held visiting positions at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton.
Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 the Author(s). Published by PNAS.

PY - 2022/12/20

Y1 - 2022/12/20

N2 - This paper is about a class of stochastic reaction networks. Of interest are the dynamics of interconversion among a finite number of substances through reactions that consume some of the substances and produce others. The models we consider are continuous-time Markov jump processes, intended as idealizations of a broad class of biological networks. Reaction rates depend linearly on “enzymes,” which are among the substances produced, and a reaction can occur only in the presence of sufficient upstream material. We present rigorous results for this class of stochastic dynamical systems, the mean-field behaviors of which are described by ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Under the assumption of exponential network growth, we identify certain ODE solutions as being potentially traceable and give conditions on network trajectories which, when rescaled, can with high probability be approximated by these ODE solutions. This leads to a complete characterization of the ω-limit sets of such network solutions (as points or random tori). Dimension reduction is noted depending on the number of enzymes. The second half of this paper is focused on depletion dynamics, i.e., dynamics subsequent to the “phase transition” that occurs when one of the substances becomes unavailable. The picture can be complex, for the depleted substance can be produced intermittently through other network reactions. Treating the model as a slow–fast system, we offer a mean-field description, a first step to understanding what we believe is one of the most natural bifurcations for reaction networks.

AB - This paper is about a class of stochastic reaction networks. Of interest are the dynamics of interconversion among a finite number of substances through reactions that consume some of the substances and produce others. The models we consider are continuous-time Markov jump processes, intended as idealizations of a broad class of biological networks. Reaction rates depend linearly on “enzymes,” which are among the substances produced, and a reaction can occur only in the presence of sufficient upstream material. We present rigorous results for this class of stochastic dynamical systems, the mean-field behaviors of which are described by ordinary differential equations (ODEs). Under the assumption of exponential network growth, we identify certain ODE solutions as being potentially traceable and give conditions on network trajectories which, when rescaled, can with high probability be approximated by these ODE solutions. This leads to a complete characterization of the ω-limit sets of such network solutions (as points or random tori). Dimension reduction is noted depending on the number of enzymes. The second half of this paper is focused on depletion dynamics, i.e., dynamics subsequent to the “phase transition” that occurs when one of the substances becomes unavailable. The picture can be complex, for the depleted substance can be produced intermittently through other network reactions. Treating the model as a slow–fast system, we offer a mean-field description, a first step to understanding what we believe is one of the most natural bifurcations for reaction networks.

KW - depletion

KW - exponential growth

KW - mean-field approximation

KW - reaction networks

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U2 - 10.1073/pnas.2214282119

DO - 10.1073/pnas.2214282119

M3 - Article

C2 - 36525535

AN - SCOPUS:85144445700

VL - 119

JO - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

JF - Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

SN - 0027-8424

IS - 51

M1 - e2214282119

ER -