This paper contributes to the current studies on regularity properties of noncommutative distributions in free probability theory. More precisely, we consider evaluations of selfadjoint noncommutative polynomials in noncommutative random variables that have finite non-microstates free Fisher information, highlighting the special case of Lipschitz conjugate variables. For the first time in this generality, it is shown that the analytic distributions of those evaluations have Hölder continuous cumulative distribution functions with an explicit Hölder exponent that depends only on the degree of the considered polynomial. For linear polynomials, we reach in the case of finite non-microstates free Fisher information the optimal Hölder exponent [Formula presented], and get Lipschitz continuity in the case of Lipschitz conjugate variables. In particular, our results guarantee that such polynomial evaluations have finite logarithmic energy and thus finite (non-microstates) free entropy, which partially settles a conjecture of Charlesworth and Shlyakhtenko . We further provide a very general criterion that gives for weak approximations of measures having Hölder continuous cumulative distribution functions explicit rates of convergence in terms of the Kolmogorov distance. Finally, we combine these results to study the asymptotic eigenvalue distributions of polynomials in GUEs or matrices with more general Gibbs laws. For Gibbs laws, this extends the corresponding result obtained in  from convergence in distribution to convergence in Kolmogorov distance; in the GUE case, we even provide explicit rates, which quantify results of [23,24] in terms of the Kolmogorov distance.
- Free Fisher information and entropy
- Hölder continuity
- Noncommutative polynomials
- Random matrices
ASJC Scopus subject areas