Half-Duplex or Full-Duplex Communications: Degrees of Freedom Analysis under Self-Interference

Nirmal V. Shende, Özgür Gürbüz, Elza Erkip

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


In-band full-duplex (FD) communication provides a promising alternative to half-duplex (HD) for wireless systems, due to increased spectral efficiency and capacity. In this paper, HD and FD radio implementations of two way, two hop, and two way two hop communication are compared in terms of degrees of freedom (DoF) under a realistic residual self-interference (SI) model. DoF analysis is carried out for each communication scenario for HD, antenna conserved (AC), and RF chain conserved (RC) FD radio implementations. The DoF analysis indicates that for the two way channel, the achievable AC FD with imperfect SI cancellation performs strictly below HD, and RC FD DoF tradeoff is superior when the SI can be sufficiently cancelled. For the two hop channel, FD is better when the relay has a large number of antennas and enough SI cancellation. For the two way two hop channel, when both nodes require similar throughput, the achievable DoF pairs for FD do not outperform HD. FD still can achieve better DoF pairs than HD, provided the relay has sufficient number of antennas and SI suppression.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8116642
Pages (from-to)1081-1093
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 2018


  • Multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO)
  • degrees of freedom (DOF)
  • full-duplex (FD)
  • self-interference (SI)
  • two-hop
  • two-way
  • two-way two-hop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science Applications
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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