Haloduracin α binds the peptidoglycan precursor lipid II with 2:1 stoichiometry

Trent J. Oman, Tania J. Lupoli, Tsung Shing Andrew Wang, Daniel Kahne, Suzanne Walker, Wilfred A. Van Der Donk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The two-peptide lantibiotic haloduracin is composed of two post-translationally modified polycyclic peptides that synergistically act on Gram-positive bacteria. We show here that Halα inhibits the transglycosylation reaction catalyzed by PBP1b by binding in a 2:1 stoichiometry to its substrate lipid II. Halβ and the mutant Halα-E22Q were not able to inhibit this step in peptidoglycan biosynthesis, but Halα with its leader peptide still attached was a potent inhibitor. Combined with previous findings, the data support a model in which a 1:2:2 lipid II:Halα: Halβ complex inhibits cell wall biosynthesis and mediates pore formation, resulting in loss of membrane potential and potassium efflux.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17544-17547
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Issue number44
StatePublished - Nov 9 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Colloid and Surface Chemistry


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