Heights, calories and welfare: A new perspective on Italian industrialization, 1854-1913

Giovanni Federico

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The height of Italian conscripts was increasing throughout the second half of the 19th century due primarily to an increases in food intake, but also to an improvement in sanitary conditions, and diffusion of primary schooling. The increase in food intake reflects a growth in agricultural production, contrary to the standard series of national accounts. We infer from an improved estimate of agricultural output, and from the increases in physical stature that the timing of the onset of modern economic growth in Italy was substantially different from the conventional Gerschenkronian perspective.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-308
Number of pages20
JournalEconomics and Human Biology
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2003

Keywords

  • Agricultural production
  • Biological living standards
  • Italy
  • Physical stature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance (miscellaneous)

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