Hidden impact of minorities: Fifteen years of minority influence research

Anne Maass, Russell D. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Evaluates minority influence literature since the original formulation of the theory by S. Moscovici (1969). Empirical or design problems include the exclusive use of the minimal group paradigm, inconsistent operationalizations of key concepts, the omission of process-oriented methodologies, and inadequate treatment of mediating variables and group effects. Theoretical problems arise from the overall scarcity of theoretical integrations. The psychological processes underlying the zeitgeist phenomenon continue to elude investigators. Potential applications of the theory to actual minority groups have been neglected. The relation between minority influence and conformity needs to be further explored; it is suggested that people tend to yield to the majority in public while accepting the position of the minority in private. (97 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2006 APA, all rights reserved).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)428-450
Number of pages23
JournalPsychological bulletin
Issue number3
StatePublished - May 1984


  • minority influence & conformity, literature review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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