Hierarchical computation of 3D motion across macaque areas MT and FST

Lowell W. Thompson, Byounghoon Kim, Bas Rokers, Ari Rosenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Computing behaviorally relevant representations of three-dimensional (3D) motion from two-dimensional (2D) retinal signals is critical for survival. To ascertain where and how the primate visual system performs this computation, we recorded from the macaque middle temporal (MT) area and its downstream target, the fundus of the superior temporal sulcus (area FST). Area MT is a key site of 2D motion processing, but its role in 3D motion processing is controversial. The functions of FST remain highly underexplored. To distinguish representations of 3D motion from those of 2D retinal motion, we contrast responses to multiple motion cues during a motion discrimination task. The results reveal a hierarchical transformation whereby many FST but not MT neurons are selective for 3D motion. Modeling results further show how generalized, cue-invariant representations of 3D motion in FST may be created by selectively integrating the output of 2D motion selective MT neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number113524
JournalCell Reports
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 26 2023


  • CP: Neuroscience
  • binocular vision
  • fundus of the superior temporal sulcus
  • macaque
  • middle temporal area
  • motion in depth
  • object motion
  • perspective
  • stereopsis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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