Hierarchical peer-to-peer systems

L. Garcés-Erice, E. W. Biersack, P. A. Felber, K. W. Ross, G. Urvoy-Keller

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Structured peer-to-peer (P2P) lookup services organize peers into a flat overlay network and offer distributed hash table (DHT) functionality. Data is associated with keys and each peer is responsible for a subset of the keys. In hierarchical DHTs, peers are organized into groups, and each group has its autonomous intra-group overlay network and lookup service. Groups are organized in a top-level overlay network. To find a peer that is responsible for a key, the top-level overlay first determines the group responsible for the key; the responsible group then uses its intra-group overlay to determine the specific peer that is responsible for the key. We provide a general framework and a scalable hierarchical overlay management. We study a two-tier hierarchy using Chord for the top level. Our analysis shows that by using the most reliable peers in the top level, the hierarchical design significantly reduces the expected number of hops.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1230-1239
    Number of pages10
    JournalLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
    StatePublished - 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Theoretical Computer Science
    • General Computer Science


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