Hierarchical Transparent Back Contacts for Bifacial CdTe PV

B. Edward Sartor, Teng Zhang, Christopher P. Muzzillo, Chungho Lee, Ryan Muzzio, Yury Gogotsi, Matthew O. Reese, André D. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A hierarchical transparent back contact leveraging an AlGaOx passivating layer, Ti3C2Tx MXene with a high work function, and a transparent cracked film lithography (CFL) templated nanogrid is demonstrated on copper-free cadmium telluride (CdTe) devices. AlGaOx improves device open-circuit voltage but reduces the fill factor when using a CFL-templated metal contact. Including a Ti3C2Tx interlayer improves the fill factor, lowers detrimental Schottky barriers, and enables metallization with CFL by providing transverse conduction into the nanogrid. The bifacial performance of an AlGaOx/Ti3C2Tx/CFL gold contact is evaluated, reaching 19.5% frontside efficiency and 2.8% backside efficiency under 1-sun illumination for a copper-free, group-V doped CdTe device. Under dual illumination, device power generation reached 200 W/m2 with 0.1 sun backside illumination.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1623
Number of pages7
JournalACS Energy Letters
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 12 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry (miscellaneous)
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Materials Chemistry


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