High-Resolution Agent-Based Modeling of COVID-19 Spreading in a Small Town

Agnieszka Truszkowska, Brandon Behring, Jalil Hasanyan, Lorenzo Zino, Sachit Butail, Emanuele Caroppo, Zhong Ping Jiang, Alessandro Rizzo, Maurizio Porfiri

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amid the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic, public health authorities and the general population are striving to achieve a balance between safety and normalcy. Ever changing conditions call for the development of theory and simulation tools to finely describe multiple strata of society while supporting the evaluation of “what-if” scenarios. Particularly important is to assess the effectiveness of potential testing approaches and vaccination strategies. Here, an agent-based modeling platform is proposed to simulate the spreading of COVID-19 in small towns and cities, with a single-individual resolution. The platform is validated on real data from New Rochelle, NY—one of the first outbreaks registered in the United States. Supported by expert knowledge and informed by reported data, the model incorporates detailed elements of the spreading within a statistically realistic population. Along with pertinent functionality such as testing, treatment, and vaccination options, the model accounts for the burden of other illnesses with symptoms similar to COVID-19. Unique to the model is the possibility to explore different testing approaches—in hospitals or drive-through facilities—and vaccination strategies that could prioritize vulnerable groups. Decision-making by public authorities could benefit from the model, for its fine-grain resolution, open-source nature, and wide range of features.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number2000277
JournalAdvanced Theory and Simulations
Volume4
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2021

Keywords

  • COVID-19
  • agent-based models
  • epidemiology
  • vaccination

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General
  • Modeling and Simulation
  • Numerical Analysis
  • Statistics and Probability

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