High School Choice in New York City: A Report on the School Choices and Placements of Low-Achieving Students

Lori Nathanson, Sean Corcoran, Christine Baker-Smith

Research output: Book/ReportCommissioned report

Abstract

School choice policies, a fixture of efforts to improve public education in many cities, aim to enable families to choose a school that they believe will best meet their child's needs. In New York City (NYC), choice and the development of a diverse portfolio of options have played central roles in the Department of Education's high school reform efforts. This report examines the choices and placements of New York City's lowest-achieving students: those scoring among the bottom 20 percent on standardized state tests in middle school. Focusing on data from 2007 to 2011, the report looks at who these low-achieving students are, including how their demographics compare to other students in NYC, the educational challenges they face, and where they live. The bulk of the report reviews low-achieving students' most preferred schools and the ones to which they were ultimately assigned, assessing how these schools compare to those of their higher-achieving peers. The findings show that low-achieving students attended schools that were lower performing, on average, than those of all other students. This was driven by differences in students' initial choices: low-achieving students' first-choice schools were less selective, lower-performing, and more disadvantaged. Overall, lower-achieving and higher-achieving students were matched to their top choices at the same rate. Importantly, both low- and higher-achieving students appear to prefer schools that are close to home, suggesting that differences in students' choices likely reflect, at least in part, the fact that lower-achieving students are highly concentrated in poor neighborhoods, where options may be more limited. Two appendixes present: (1) The Shrinking Pool of Level 1 and Level 2 Students; and (2) Supplemental Tables and Figures. (Contains 30 endnotes, 26 figures, and 6 tables.)
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCenter for American Progress. 1333 H Street NW 10th Floor, Washington, DC 20005.
Number of pages1
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • New York
  • ERIC, Resources in Education (RIE)
  • High Schools
  • Student Characteristics
  • Academic Achievement
  • Neighborhoods
  • Student Placement
  • Comparative Analysis
  • Grades (Scholastic)
  • At Risk Students
  • Poverty
  • School Policy
  • Disadvantaged Youth
  • Public Education
  • School Choice
  • Low Achievement
  • High School Students

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