Objectives: Among four classes of patients with distinct shortness of breath profiles, evaluate for differences in levels of global, cancer-specific, and cumulative life stress, as well as resilience; evaluate for differences in the occurrence rates for various stressful life events, and evaluate for differences in the severity of common co-occurring symptoms. Data Sources: Outpatients (N = 1338) completed questionnaires six times over two cycles of chemotherapy. The occurrence of shortness of breath was assessed using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale. Latent class analysis was used to identify subgroups of patients with distinct shortness of breath profiles. Differences among the classes were evaluated using parametric and nonparametric tests. Conclusion: Shortness of breath classes were labeled based on their distinct occurrence trajectories: None (70.5%), Decreasing (8.2%), Increasing (7.8%), and High (13.5%). Compared to None class, Decreasing and High classes had higher global and cancer-specific stress scores. The High class reported higher occurrence rates for several adverse childhood experiences. Compared to None class, Decreasing and High classes had higher depression, anxiety, and morning fatigue scores and lower morning energy and cognitive function scores. Implications for Nursing Practice: Given the additive or synergistic relationships between stress, co-occurring symptoms, and shortness of breath, multimodal interventions that include stress management, exercise training, and/or symptom management may decrease shortness of breath in oncology patients.
- Adverse childhood experiences
- Post-traumatic stress disorder
- Shortness of breath
ASJC Scopus subject areas