Hillburn, Hattiesburg, and Hitler

Thomas Sugrue

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


    Focusing on the wartime struggle against segregated education in Hillburn, New York, this chapter demonstrates the ways in a newly revived branch of the NAACP, framed their local struggle for a national and international audience by marshalling the rhetoric of the wartime era. Rather than just advocating the "Double V" call for democracy at home and abroad, though, northern activists deployed a much more powerful rhetorical weapon: the connection between fascism at home and abroad. Black Americans had learned the language of antifascism during the Ethiopian war, but the Second World War gave black antifascism wider traction in American society, allowing activists to launch an assault on segregation. Meanwhile, defense employment gave African Americans the economic security to fight for their rights. Winning the battle against state sponsored segregation in Hillburn highlighted the opportunities of the war. The removal of white children from the newly desegregated school showed the limits of wartime gains.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationFog of War
    Subtitle of host publicationThe Second World War and the Civil Rights Movement
    PublisherOxford University Press
    ISBN (Electronic)9780199932641
    ISBN (Print)9780195382419
    StatePublished - May 24 2012


    • Black antifascism
    • Double V
    • Ethiopian war
    • Fascism
    • New york
    • Northern states
    • Segregated education
    • World war II

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General Arts and Humanities


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