Hippocampal serotonin re-uptake and nocturnal locomotor activity after microinjections of 5,7-DHT in the fornix-fimbria

Jonathan H. Williams, Efrain C. Azmitia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The role of the hippocampal 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) terminals in the control of locomotor activity was investigated by lesioning 5-HT axons in the fimbria with 5,7-dihydroxytryptamine (5,7-DHT). Rats pretreated with desimipramine (10 mg/kg, i.p.) received microinjections of 5,7-DHT (0, 1, 3, 5 or 10 μg in 0.4 μl ascorbic Ringer's solution) into the fornix-fimbria. On the fourteenth to twenty-first nights after operation, nocturnal locomotor activity was measured in photocell cages. Twenty-eight to thirty days after operation degeneration of 5-HT terminals was assessed by measuring in vitro [3H]5-HT re-uptake in slices of dorsal hippocampus, ventral hippocampus and the septum. Groups injected with 5,7-DHT showed hyperactivity in the night period and increased decrements of activity between tests, both of which were related to the dose of neurotoxin. A reduction of [3H]5-HT re-uptake was found in dorsal hippocampus which was related to the dose of 5,7-DHT, but ventral hippocampal and septal [3H]5-HT re-uptake were not systematically reduced. For each rat, levels of dorsal and ventral hippocampal [3H]5-HT re-uptake were negatively correlated with the mean nocturnal activity from the 7 nights of testing. Levels of dorsal, but not ventral hippocampal [3H]5-HT re-uptake were negatively correlated with the mean nightly decrement of activity. No correlations were found between septal [3H]5-HT and these activity measures. These results, indicate that the increase in nocturnal locomotor activity caused by generalized depletion of 5-HT in the brain may be due to disruption of hippocampal 5-HT terminals supplied by the fornix-fimbria.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)95-107
Number of pages13
JournalBrain Research
Volume207
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 23 1981

Keywords

  • 5,7-DHT
  • fornix-fimbria
  • hippocampus
  • locomotor activity
  • re-uptake
  • septum
  • serotonin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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