One-hundred twenty experimental furcation perforations were created in the mandibular and maxillary premolars and molars of six rhesus monkeys. Tricalcium phosphate, hydroxylapatite, amalgam, and Life were used to repair the furcation perforations. The animals were sacrificed at the intervals of 2, 4, and 6 months after the experiment. Histological evaluation revealed lack of complete healing of furcation perforations repaired with any materials. Epithelium was present in the furcation perforations in both experimental and positive control groups. No hard tissue formation was observed in this study. Inflammation in the furcation area may be due to inadequate sealing ability of the repair materials.
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