HIV and General Cardiovascular Risk

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The incidence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) is increasing in HIV-infected people. Risk factors such as hyperlipidemia, impaired glucose tolerance, and insulin resistance have become common. CVD in HIV may also be related to nontraditional risk factors including accumulation of visceral fat, inflammation secondary to HIV, and effects of some antiretroviral drugs. This cross-sectional study described the CVD risk factors of 123 adults living with HIV and calculated the 10-year estimate for general cardiovascular risk score. Results showed that approximately 25% of the participants were considered to be at high risk for developing CVD in the next 10 years. Increased waist circumference and longer duration of smoking habit were associated with elevated general cardiovascular risk scores. Similar to the general population, most of the identified risks could be modified through lifestyle management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)362-375
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
Volume22
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • Cardiovascular disease
  • HIV infection
  • Metabolic syndrome
  • Obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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