HIV and other STIs in male sex workers: Findings from a sexual health promotion intervention in Vietnam

Lloyd A. Goldsamt, Michael C. Clatts, Le Minh Giang, Bao Q. Le, Donn J. Colby, Gary Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Male sex workers (MSWs) in Vietnam are at high risk for acquisition and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs), yet are extremely disengaged from the healthcare system. This contributes to large numbers of untreated or late-treated infections and increased secondary transmission. We enrolled 995 MSWs in Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City (HCMC) in a Sexual Health Promotion intervention that included face-to-face delivery of seven content modules, a clinical examination and testing for HIV, syphilis, gonorrhea and Chlamydia. Onsite treatment was provided for STIs, and those who tested positive for HIV were referred to local treatment centers. While 64.6% of participants had never been to a health service and fewer than half (41.2%) had ever been tested for HIV, 67.1% returned for test results. This testing identified 109 (11.0%) participants who were HIV-positive and 312 (31.4%) who tested positive for at least one other STI. Substantive differences were seen in MSWs from different cities, with those from Hanoi more likely to have ever visited a health service (57.8% vs. 24.9%) and to have taken a prior HIV test (54.1% vs. 37.9%) than those in HCMC. Sexual health promotion is a promising approach to engaging MSWs in health services.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)540-546
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Journal of STD and AIDS
Volume29
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2018

Keywords

  • Asia
  • chlamydia
  • gonorrhea
  • sex workers
  • syphilis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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