HIV-positive smokers considering quitting: Differences by race/ethnicity

Elizabeth E. Lloyd-Richardson, Cassandra A. Stanton, George D. Papandonatos, Renée M. Betancourt, Michael Stein, Karen Tashima, Kathleen Morrow, Raymond Niaura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To better characterize smoking in HIV-positive individuals and to identify critical components of a targeted smoking cessation intervention for multiethnic HIV-positive smokers. Methods: Differences in baseline characteristics of 444 HIV-positive smokers were examined by race, and a multivariate linear regression model evaluated factors associated with nicotine dependence in an HIV-positive population, with a particular emphasis on race/ethnic differences. Results: Low smoking self-efficacy and higher contemplation of quitting were predictive of greater nicotine dependence. An interaction between age and race was noted, with older Hispanic Americans less likely to be nicotine dependent. Conclusions: Efforts should be made to tailor smoking cessation intervention content to HIV-positive racial/ethnic minority groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3-15
Number of pages13
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2008


  • HIV
  • Nicotine dependence predictors
  • Smoking

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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