HIV risk behavior among youth in the Dominican Republic: The role of alcohol and other drugs

Vincent Guilamo-Ramos, James Jaccard, Viktor Lushin, Roberto Martinez, Bernardo Gonzalez, Katharine McCarthy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Existing literature related to HIV in the Dominican Republic has tended to neglect the unique role of tourism areas as distinct ecologies facilitative of sexual risk behavior, particularly HIV vulnerability and transmission. Furthermore, limited attention has focused on Dominican adolescents living in close proximity to tourism areas who have become increasingly exposed to alcohol due to the expanding tourism industry in the Dominican Republic. While most previous analyses of the effects of alcohol on adolescent sexual risk behavior have focused on the transient effects of alcohol on judgment and decision making, the effects of chronic alcohol use on sexual behavior has been a neglected area of research. Our study explores the relationship between chronic alcohol use, the parent-adolescent relationship, affective factors such as self-esteem, and intentions to engage in sex. We examine the above factors within the context of tourism areas which represent a unique ecology of alcohol availability and consumption and HIV risk. We discuss implications for developing applied family-based programs to target Dominican adolescent alcohol use and sexual risk behavior in tourism areas of high alcohol exposure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)388-395
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of the International Association of Physicians in AIDS Care
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2011

Keywords

  • Dominican Republic
  • HIV
  • adolescent risk behavior
  • alcohol
  • tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology
  • Dermatology
  • Infectious Diseases

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