HIV/AIDS knowledge and beliefs among Haitian adolescents in Miami-Dade County, Florida

Louis Herns Marcelin, H. Virginia McCoy, Ralph J. DiClemente

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study examined HIV/AIDS knowledge and beliefs in Haitian adolescents in an HIV epicenter, Miami-Dade Florida. This study examined survey data from 300 Haitian adolescents, aged 13 through 18, from both low- and middle-income neighborhoods. A subsample of 80 adolescents was selected for in-depth interviews and continuous observations with their families and networks of friends, which added rich descriptions to the quantitative data. Overall knowledge about HIV/AIDS was high with the majority of adolescents identifying unprotected sex and sharing injection drug needles as HIV transmission routes. Moreover, approximately 75% of the adolescents reported condom use as an effective preventive strategy. However, misconceptions that could reduce adolescents' adoption ofHIVpreventive strategieswere also identified. The adolescents' sources for information about HIV/AIDS as well as implications for prevention interventions are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)121-138
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of HIV/AIDS Prevention in Children and Youth
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2006

Keywords

  • Florida
  • HIV/AIDS beliefs
  • HIV/AIDS knowledge
  • Haitian-American adolescents
  • Immigrants' health
  • Immigration
  • Miami-Dade

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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