Holding up half the sky? Ethno-gender labour market outcomes in China

Hua Yu Sebastian Cherng, Reza Hasmath, Benjamin Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Studies looking at gender and ethnic minority outcomes in China’s labour market have generally suggested that women and minorities are separately experiencing a wage disadvantage relative to males and the Han majority, respectively. But, what is the experience of this combined cohort, ethnic minority women? Using data from China’s 2005 one percent mini-census, this article discerns ethno-gender labour market outcomes by factoring education, labour force participation, working hours, age, family structure (e.g. married, number of dependents) and geography (e.g. urban/rural, bordering province). It surprisingly finds that ethnic minority women are less disadvantaged in the labour market than Han women. This is largely due to smaller penalties linked to marriage and having children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)415-433
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Contemporary China
Issue number117
StatePublished - May 4 2019

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Development
  • Political Science and International Relations


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