Home Health Care to Asian Americans: a Systematic Review

Chenjuan Ma, Martha Rajewski, Silin Bao

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Objective: Despite being the fastest growing minority group in the USA, Asian Americans are among the least studied ones, particularly in the home and community-based services settings. This study aimed to review and synthesize extant evidence on Asian American’s access, utilization, and outcomes of home health care. Methods: This is a systematic review study. A comprehensive literature search was conducted in PubMed and CINAHL as well as hand search. Each study was screened, reviewed, and evaluated for quality by at least two reviewers independently. Results: Twelve articles were determined eligible and included for review. Asian Americans were less likely to be discharged to home health care following hospitalization. At admission to home health care, Asian Americans had a high rate of inappropriate medication issues (28%) and they also had poorer functional status compared to White Americans. Asian Americans were also reported with less improvement in functional status at the end of home health care; however, there were some inconsistencies in the evidence on Asian Americans’ utilization of formal/skilled home health care. Quality evaluation indicated that findings from some studies were limited by small sample size, single site/home health agency, analytic approaches, and other methodologic limitations. Conclusions: Asian Americans often experience inequities in home health care access, utilization, and outcomes. Multilevel factors may contribute to such inequities, including structural racism. Robust research using population-based data and advanced methodology is needed to better understand home health care to Asian Americans.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)865-873
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 2024


  • Asian Americans
  • Disparities
  • Elderly
  • Ethnicity
  • Home health care
  • Race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Anthropology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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