Homeless former smokers' interest in helping homeless current smokers quit

Kate Goldade, Hongfei Guo, Don Des Jarlais, John E. Connett, Guy L. Whembolua, Greg Owen, Mignonne Guy, Kolawole S. Okuyemi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose. To describe the factors associated with interest of homeless former smokers in helping homeless smokers quit. Methods. A cross-sectional survey administered to an optimized convenience sample of homeless persons (n = 4570) at emergency shelters, transitional housing units, and open encampments in 80 cities across Minnesota. The in-person survey response rate was 90%. Analysis. Chi-square tests and t-tests for univariate analysis. Results. Of 4534 participants completing the smoking questions, 546 participants (12%) self-identified as former smokers, of which 59% expressed interest in helping homeless smokers quit. Significant predictors of reported interest in helping included racial/ethnic background (p < .05), number of people known who had quit smoking (p < .01), and receiving social services as an adult (p < .01). Conclusion. Homeless former smokers are a potential resource for peer support programs to promote smoking cessation among homeless current smokers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)90-93
Number of pages4
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Promotion
Issue number2
StatePublished - 2012


  • Homeless persons
  • Peer support
  • Prevention research
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


Dive into the research topics of 'Homeless former smokers' interest in helping homeless current smokers quit'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this