Homo Erectus and Related Taxa

Susan C. Antón

    Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

    Abstract

    Homo erectus has one of the longer histories within paleoanthropology. It is now considered the hominin that was the first to take major anatomical and behavioral steps in the direction of a "modern human" body plan. H. erectus sensu lato is an umbrella taxon that includes both African and Asian fossils and that encompasses nested sets of multiple, subsequently named, taxa. H. erectus appears to have had larger average body and brain sizes than did H. habilis but a great deal of regional variation in size. Estimates of sexual dimorphism in H. erectus suggested that H. erectus females had increased more in size relative to Australopithecus females than had H. erectus males. Recent discoveries and reevaluations produce a picture of H. erectus as a species that is neither fully modern nor fully primitive in its body plan and behavior.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Title of host publicationA Companion to Paleoanthropology
    PublisherBlackwell Publishing Ltd
    Pages497-516
    Number of pages20
    ISBN (Print)9781444331165
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 14 2013

    Keywords

    • Homo erectus
    • Human evolution
    • Modern humans
    • Sexual dimorphism
    • Taxa

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Social Sciences(all)

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