Homophobia: a cofactor of HIV disease in gay and lesbian youth.

A. H. Grossman

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Whether they "come out" or hide their sexual orientation, most gay and lesbian youth experience the effects of prejudice and stigmatization emanating from society's homophobia. Having to cope with a disparaging and oppressive society creates unique stresses and developmental variations in identity development that are cofactors for HIV infection and disease. These cofactors include cognitive, emotional, and social isolation; feelings of alienation and despair; suicidal ideation; alcohol and other substance abuse; and furtive sexual contacts. Nurses and other providers need to be informed about these cofactors so they may provide meaningful HIV/AIDS prevention education to gay and lesbian youth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-43
Number of pages5
JournalThe Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing


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