Hospital concentration and low-income populations: Evidence from New York State Medicaid

Sunita M. Desai, Prianca Padmanabhan, Alan Z. Chen, Ashley Lewis, Sherry A. Glied

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


While a large body of evidence has examined hospital concentration, its effects on health care for low-income populations are less explored. We use comprehensive discharge data from New York State to measure the effects of changes in market concentration on hospital-level inpatient Medicaid volumes. Holding fixed hospital factors constant, a one percent increase in HHI leads to a 0.6% (s.e. = 0.28%) decrease in the number of Medicaid admissions for the average hospital. The strongest effects are on admissions for birth (-1.3%, s.e. = 0.58%). These average hospital-level decreases largely reflect redistribution of Medicaid patients across hospitals, rather than overall reductions in hospitalizations for Medicaid patients. In particular, hospital concentration leads to a redistribution of admissions from non-profit hospitals to public hospitals. We find evidence that for births, physicians serving high shares of Medicaid beneficiaries in particular experience reduced admissions as concentration increased. These reductions may reflect preferences among these physicians or reduced admitting privileges by hospitals as a means to screen out Medicaid patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102770
JournalJournal of Health Economics
StatePublished - Jul 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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