Hospital staff nurses' work hours, meal periods, and rest breaks. A review from an occupational health nurse perspective.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Registered nurses are the largest group of health care providers in the United States. To provide 24-hour care, hospital staff nurses often work long hours and consecutive shifts, without adequate meal or rest breaks. Serious declines in functioning related to provider fatigue can lead to safety issues for patients and nurses alike. The occupational health nurse can assess the effects of nurses' work hours and break periods on employee health, educate staff on the importance of sleep and deleterious effects of fatigue, and implement programs to improve the work environment. This article examines nurses' work hours, break and meal period laws and regulations, and the role of the occupational health nurse in caring for this group of employees. Overall findings suggest that the expertise of an occupational health nurse in the hospital setting could significantly improve the health and safety of staff nurses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)489-497; quiz 498-499
JournalAAOHN journal : official journal of the American Association of Occupational Health Nurses
Volume58
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)

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