Human capital investment and economic growth: Exploring the cross-country evidence

Edward N. Wolff

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    The paper investigates three models on the role of education in economic growth: human capital theory, a threshold effect, and interaction effects between education and technological activity. Data for 24 OECD countries on GDP, employment, and investment from the Penn World Tables over the period 1950 to 1990 was used. Five sources are used for educational data. The descriptive statistics suggest that the convergence in labor productivity levels among these nations appears to correspond to their convergence in schooling levels. However, econometric results showing a positive and significant effect of formal education on productivity growth among OECD countries are spotty at best. With only one or two exceptions, educational levels, the growth in educational attainment, and interaction effects between schooling and R&D were not found to be significant determinants of country labor productivity growth.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)433-472
    Number of pages40
    JournalStructural Change and Economic Dynamics
    Volume11
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 2000

    Keywords

    • Convergence
    • Education
    • Human capital
    • Productivity

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Economics and Econometrics

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