Hurricane Evacuation Modeling Using Behavior Models and Scenario-Driven Agent-based Simulations

Yuan Zhu, Kun Xie, Kaan Ozbay, Hong Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

Abstract

Transportation modeling and simulation play an important role in the planning and management of emergency evacuation. It is often indispensable for the preparedness and timely response to extreme events occurring in highly populated areas. Reliable and robust agent-based evacuation models are of great importance to support evacuation decision making. Nevertheless, these models rely on numerous hypothetical causal relationships between the evacuation behavior and a variety of factors including socio-economic characteristics and storm intensity. Understanding the impacts of these factors on evacuation behaviors (e.g., destination and route choices) is crucial in preparing optimal evacuation plans. This paper aims to contribute to the literature by integrating well-calibrated behavior models with an agent-based evacuation simulation model in the context of hurricane evacuation. Specifically, discrete choice models were developed to estimate the evacuation behaviors based on large-scale survey data in Northern New Jersey. Monte-Carlo Markov Chain (MCMC) sampling method was used to estimate evacuation propensity and destination choices for the whole population. Finally, evacuation of over a million residents in the study area was simulated using agent-based simulation built in MATSim. The agent-based modeling framework proposed in this paper provides an integrated methodology for evacuation simulation with specific consideration of agents' behaviors. The simulation results need to be further validated and verified using real-world evacuation data.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)836-843
Number of pages8
JournalProcedia Computer Science
Volume130
DOIs
StatePublished - 2018
Event9th International Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies, ANT 2018 - Porto, Indonesia
Duration: May 8 2018May 11 2018

Keywords

  • Hurricane evacuation
  • MATSim
  • agent-based simulation
  • demand modeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)

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