HYDRA-HGR: A Hybrid Transformer-Based Architecture for Fusion of Macroscopic and Microscopic Neural Drive Information

Mansooreh Montazerin, Elahe Rahimian, Farnoosh Naderkhani, S. Farokh Atashzar, Hamid Alinejad-Rokny, Arash Mohammadi

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Development of advance surface Electromyogram (sEMG)-based Human-Machine Interface (HMI) systems is of paramount importance to pave the way towards emergence of futuristic Cyber-Physical-Human (CPH) worlds. In this context, the main focus of recent literature was on development of different Deep Neural Network (DNN)-based architectures that perform Hand Gesture Recognition (HGR) at a macroscopic level (i.e., directly from sEMG signals). At the same time, advancements in acquisition of High-Density sEMG signals (HD-sEMG) have resulted in a surge of significant interest on sEMG decomposition techniques to extract microscopic neural drive information. However, due to complexities of sEMG decomposition and added computational overhead, HGR at microscopic level is less explored than its aforementioned macroscopic-level, DNN-based counterparts. In this regard, we propose the HYDRA-HGR framework, which is a hybrid model for HGR that simultaneously extracts a set of temporal and spatial features through its two independent Vision Transformer (ViT)-based parallel architectures (the so called Macro and Micro paths). The Macro Path is trained directly on the pre-processed HD-sEMG signals, while the Micro path is fed with the p-to-p values of the extracted Motor Unit Action Potentials (MUAPs) of each source. Extracted features at macroscopic and microscopic levels are then coupled via a Fully Connected (FC) fusion layer for final gesture classification. We evaluate the proposed hybrid HYDRA-HGR framework through a recently released HD-sEMG dataset, and show that it significantly outperforms its stand-alone counterparts. The proposed HYDRA-HGR framework achieves average accuracy of 94.86% for the 250 ms window size, which is 5.52 % and 8.22 % higher than that of the Macro and Micro paths, respectively.


  • Biological Signal Processing
  • Deep Neural Networks
  • Hand Gesture Recognition
  • sEMG Decomposition

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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