Hydro-Assisted Self-Regenerating Brominated N-Alkylated Thiophene Diketopyrrolopyrrole Dye Nanofibers—A Sustainable Synthesis Route for Renewable Air Filter Materials

Sai Kishore Ravi, Varun Kumar Singh, Lakshmi Suresh, Calvin Ku, Vijayavenkataraman Sanjairaj, Dilip Krishna Nandakumar, Yun Chen, Wanxin Sun, Patrick H.L. Sit, Swee Ching Tan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

With rising global concerns over the alarming levels of particulate pollution, a sustainable air quality management is the need of the hour. Air filtration research has gained momentum in recent years. However, the research perspective is still blinkered toward formulating new fiber systems for the energy-intensive electrospinning process to fabricate high quality factor air filters. A holistic approach on sustainable air filtration models is still lacking. The air filter model presented in this work uses a simple process involving water-induced self-organization and self-regeneration of nanofibers, and an easy recycling route after the filter life that not only facilitates reuse of the microfibrous scaffold holding the nanofibers but also allows renewal of nanofibers. Three generations of air filters are fabricated and tested, all having high particulate matter (PM)-adsorbing tendency, high filtration efficiency (>95%), and high Young's modulus (≈5 GPa). The renewable air filters offer a sustainable alternative to the present cost-intensive electrospun air filters.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1906319
JournalSmall
Volume16
Issue number14
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2020

Keywords

  • air filters
  • air quality management
  • electrospinning
  • microfibrous scaffolds
  • nanofibers
  • recycling
  • self-regeneration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

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