Hydrodynamic interactions in hard-sphere suspensions

J. Z. Xue, X. L. Wu, D. J. Pine, P. M. Chaikin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We study the effects of hydrodynamic interactions on the diffusion of hard spheres in concentrated suspensions. Using a multiple-light-scattering technique, we measure [H(q)], a weighted average of H(q), a function that characterizes the hydrodynamic interaction. By changing the size of the spheres we probe the particle size dependence of [H(q)] and find reasonable agreement with recent calculations for volume fractions <0.45. For large spheres (diameter 2R>2m), [H(q)]H() and thus, we measure the short-time self-diffusion coefficient Ds==D0H() where D0 is the free-particle diffusion coefficient. We find that H()=1-1.77(±0.07) for 0.45. This agrees with the linear (low-concentration) term calculated for short-time self-diffusion. The short-time diffusion coefficient is also found to be continuous across the freezing transition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)989-993
Number of pages5
JournalPhysical Review A
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1992

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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