Hydrogen molecule in the small dodecahedral cage of a clathrate hydrate: Quantum translation-rotation dynamics at higher excitation energies

Minzhong Xu, Francesco Sebastianelli, Zlatko Bačić

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Higher-lying five-dimensional translation-rotation (T-R) eigenstates of a single p-H2 and o-D2 molecule confined inside the small dodecahedral (512) cage of the structure II clathrate hydrate are calculated rigorously, as fully coupled, with the cage assumed to be rigid. The calculations cover the excitation energies up to and beyond they = 2 rotational level of the free molecule, 356 cm-1 for H2 and 179 cm-1 for D2. It is found that j is a good quantum number for all the T-R states of P-H2, j = 0 and y = 2, considered, The same is not true for o-D2, where a number of T-R states in the neighborhood of the ; = 2 level show significant mixing of j = 0 and j = 2 rotational basis functions. The 5-fold degeneracy of they = 2 level of p-H 2 is lifted completely due to the anisotropy of the cage environment, as is the 3-fold degeneracy of the y = 1 level of o-H2 studied by us previously. Pure translational mode excitations with up to four quanta display negative anharmonicity, which was observed earlier for the translational fundamentals and their first overtones. The issues of assigning the combination states of p-H2 with excitations of two or all three translational modes, and of the strength of the mode coupling as a function of the excitation energy, are studied carefully for a range of quantum numbers. The average T-R energy of the encapsulated p-H2 is calculated as a function of temperature from 0 to 150 K.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12763-12771
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry A
Volume111
Issue number49
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 13 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry

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