We report quantum five-dimensional (5D) calculations of the energy levels and wave functions of the hydrogen molecule, para-H2 and ortho-H 2, confined inside the small dodecahedral (H2O)2o cage of the sII clathrate hydrate. All three translational and the two rotational degrees of freedom of H2 are included explicitly, as fully coupled, while the cage is treated as rigid. The 5D potential energy surface (PES) of the H2-cage system is pairwise additive, based on the high-quality ab initio 5D (rigid monomer) PES for the H2-H2O complex. The bound state calculations involve no dynamical approximations and provide an accurate picture of the quantum 5D translation-rotation dynamics of H 2 inside the cage. The energy levels are assigned with translational (Cartesian) and rotational quantum numbers, based on calculated root-mean-square displacements and probability density plots. The translational modes exhibit negative anharmonicity. It is found that j is a good rotational quantum number, while the threefold degeneracy of the j = 1 level is lifted completely. There is considerable translation-rotation coupling, particularly for excited translational states.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Surfaces, Coatings and Films
- Materials Chemistry