The analysis of the structures of low-energy conformers of different α-haloacetals reveals changes in bond lengths and geometries that correspond to stabilizing orbital interactions that contribute to the ground-state structures of these systems. Several factors, including the electron-donating and electron-accepting abilities of the substituents on the ring, affect the degree of the electronic interactions in these carbohydrate-like systems. The presence of an α-halogen atom that can participate in hyperconjugation has been shown to contribute to the structural characteristics of the low-energy conformer. The experimental evidence is supported by natural bond order (NBO) analysis to identify the types of interactions and to assess their relative importance.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Organic Chemistry